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{{Geobox|River
{{Geobox|River<br /><!-- *** Heading *** --><br />| name = Piva<br />| native_name = Piva<br />| other_name =<br />| category =<br /><!-- *** Image *** --><br />| image = Piva sastavci u BiH.jpg<br />| image_caption = 1,4 km of the Piva River flow through Bosnia and Herzegovina, before finally meets the Tara and create the Drina River.<br />| image_size =<br /><!-- *** Names **** --><br />| official_name = Piva<br />| etymology =<br />| motto =<br />| nickname =<br /><!-- *** Symbols *** --><br />| flag =<br />| symbol =<br /><!-- *** Country *** --><br />| country = Bosnia and Herzegovina<br />| country1 = Montenegro<br />| state =<br />| region =<br />| district =<br />| municipality =<br /><!-- *** Family *** --><br />| parent =<br />| range =<br />| border =<br />| part =<br />| tributary_left =<br />| tributary_right =<br />| child_left =<br />| child_right =<br />| city =<br />| landmark = Bridge over the Piva<br />| building = Mratinje Dam<br />| river =<br /><!-- *** Locations *** --><br />| location =<br />| elevation =<br />| prominence =<br />| lat_d = | lat_m = | lat_s = | lat_NS =<br />| long_d = | long_m = | long_s = | long_EW =<br />| capital =<br />| capital_location = | capital_region = | capital_country =<br />| capital_elevation =<br />| capital_lat_d = | capital_lat_m = | capital_lat_s = | capital_lat_NS =<br />| capital_long_d = | capital_long_m = | capital_long_s = | capital_long_EW =<br />| highest =<br />| highest_location = | highest_region = | highest_country =<br />| highest_elevation =<br />| highest_lat_d = | highest_lat_m = | highest_lat_s = | highest_lat_NS =<br />| highest_long_d = | highest_long_m = | highest_long_s = | highest_long_EW =<br />| lowest =<br />| lowest_location = | lowest_region = | lowest_country =<br />| lowest_elevation =<br />| lowest_lat_d = | lowest_lat_m = | lowest_lat_s = | lowest_lat_NS =<br />| lowest_long_d = | lowest_long_m = | lowest_long_s = | lowest_long_EW =<br /><!-- *** River locations *** --><br />| source =<br />| source_location = | source_region = | source_country = Montenegro<br />| source_elevation =<br />| source_lat_d = | source_lat_m = | source_lat_s = | source_lat_NS =<br />| source_long_d = | source_long_m = | source_long_s = | source_long_EW =<br />| source1 =<br />| source1_location = | source1_region = | source1_country =<br />| source1_elevation =<br />| source1_lat_d = | source1_lat_m = | source1_lat_s = | source1_lat_NS =<br />| source1_long_d = | source1_long_m = | source1_long_s = | source1_long_EW =<br />| source_confluence =<br />| source_confluence_location = | source_confluence_region = | source_confluence_country =<br />| source_confluence_elevation =<br />| source_confluence_lat_d = | source_confluence_lat_m = | source_confluence_lat_s = | source_confluence_lat_NS =<br />| source_confluence_long_d = | source_confluence_long_m = | source_confluence_long_s = | source_confluence_long_EW =<br />| mouth = Drina<br />| mouth_location = | mouth_region = | mouth_country = Bosnia and Herzegovina<br />| mouth_elevation =<br />| mouth_lat_d = | mouth_lat_m = | mouth_lat_s = | mouth_lat_NS =<br />| mouth_long_d = | mouth_long_m = | mouth_long_s = | mouth_long_EW =<br /><!-- *** Dimensions *** --><br />| length = 34| length_orientation = South-North<br />| width = 0002| width_orientation = East-West<br />| height =<br />| depth =<br />| volume =<br />| weight =<br />| area =<br />| area_land =<br />| area_water =<br />| area_urban =<br />| area_metro =<br />| discharge =<br />| discharge_max =<br />| discharge_min =<br /><!-- *** Population *** --><br />| population = | population_date =<br />| population_urban =<br />| population_metro =<br />| population_density =<br />| population_density_urban =<br />| population_density_metro =<br /><!-- *** Features *** --><br />| geology = Limestone<br />| orogeny =<br />| period =<br />| biome =<br />| plant =<br />| animal =<br />| author =<br />| style =<br />| material =<br /><!-- *** History & management *** --><br />| established =<br />| date =<br />| management =<br />| management_location = | management_region = | management_country =<br />| management_elevation =<br />| management_lat_d = | management_lat_m = | management_lat_s = | management_lat_NS =<br />| management_long_d = | management_long_m = | management_long_s = | management_long_EW =<br />| government =<br />| government_location = | government_region = | government_country =<br />| government_elevation =<br />| government_lat_d = | government_lat_m = | government_lat_s = | government_lat_NS =<br />| government_long_d = | government_long_m = | government_long_s = | government_long_EW =<br />| owner =<br />| mayor =<br />| leader =<br /><!-- *** Access *** --><br />| public =<br />| visitation = | visitation_date =<br />| access =<br />| ascent = | ascent_date =<br />| discovery = | discovery_date =<br /><!-- *** Codes *** --><br />| timezone = | utc_offset =<br />| timezone_DST = | utc_offset_DST =<br />| postal_code =<br />| area_code =<br />| code =<br /><!-- *** UNESCO etc. *** --><br />| whs_name =<br />| whs_year =<br />| whs_number =<br />| whs_region =<br />| whs_criteria =<br />| iucn_category =<br /><!-- *** Free fields *** --><br />| free =<br />| free_type =<br /><!-- *** Maps *** --><br />| map =<br />| map_caption =<br />| map_background =<br />| map_locator =<br /><!-- *** Websites *** --><br />| commons =<br />| statistics =<br />| website =<br /><!-- *** Footnotes *** --><br />| footnotes =<br />}}
 
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<!-- *** Heading *** -->
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| name = Piva
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| native_name = Piva
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| other_name =
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| category =
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<!-- *** Image *** -->
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| image = Piva sastavci u BiH.jpg
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| image_caption = 1,4 km of the Piva River flow through Bosnia and Herzegovina, before finally meets the Tara and create the Drina River.
  +
| image_size =
  +
<!-- *** Names **** -->
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| official_name = Piva
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| etymology =
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| motto =
  +
| nickname =
  +
<!-- *** Symbols *** -->
  +
| flag =
  +
| symbol =
  +
<!-- *** Country *** -->
  +
| country = Bosnia and Herzegovina
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| country1 = Montenegro
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| state =
  +
| region =
  +
| district =
  +
| municipality =
  +
<!-- *** Family *** -->
  +
| parent =
  +
| range =
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| border =
  +
| part =
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| tributary_left =
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| tributary_right =
  +
| child_left =
  +
| child_right =
  +
| city =
  +
| landmark = Bridge over the Piva
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| building = Mratinje Dam
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| river =
  +
<!-- *** Locations *** -->
  +
| location =
  +
| elevation =
  +
| prominence =
  +
| lat_d = | lat_m = | lat_s = | lat_NS =
  +
| long_d = | long_m = | long_s = | long_EW =
  +
| capital =
  +
| capital_location = | capital_region = | capital_country =
  +
| capital_elevation =
  +
| capital_lat_d = | capital_lat_m = | capital_lat_s = | capital_lat_NS =
  +
| capital_long_d = | capital_long_m = | capital_long_s = | capital_long_EW =
  +
| highest =
  +
| highest_location = | highest_region = | highest_country =
  +
| highest_elevation =
  +
| highest_lat_d = | highest_lat_m = | highest_lat_s = | highest_lat_NS =
  +
| highest_long_d = | highest_long_m = | highest_long_s = | highest_long_EW =
  +
| lowest =
  +
| lowest_location = | lowest_region = | lowest_country =
  +
| lowest_elevation =
  +
| lowest_lat_d = | lowest_lat_m = | lowest_lat_s = | lowest_lat_NS =
  +
| lowest_long_d = | lowest_long_m = | lowest_long_s = | lowest_long_EW =
  +
<!-- *** River locations *** -->
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| source =
  +
| source_location = | source_region = | source_country = Montenegro
  +
| source_elevation =
  +
| source_lat_d = | source_lat_m = | source_lat_s = | source_lat_NS =
  +
| source_long_d = | source_long_m = | source_long_s = | source_long_EW =
  +
| source1 =
  +
| source1_location = | source1_region = | source1_country =
  +
| source1_elevation =
  +
| source1_lat_d = | source1_lat_m = | source1_lat_s = | source1_lat_NS =
  +
| source1_long_d = | source1_long_m = | source1_long_s = | source1_long_EW =
  +
| source_confluence =
  +
| source_confluence_location = | source_confluence_region = | source_confluence_country =
  +
| source_confluence_elevation =
  +
| source_confluence_lat_d = | source_confluence_lat_m = | source_confluence_lat_s = | source_confluence_lat_NS =
  +
| source_confluence_long_d = | source_confluence_long_m = | source_confluence_long_s = | source_confluence_long_EW =
  +
| mouth = Drina
  +
| mouth_location = | mouth_region = | mouth_country = Bosnia and Herzegovina
  +
| mouth_elevation =
  +
| mouth_lat_d = | mouth_lat_m = | mouth_lat_s = | mouth_lat_NS =
  +
| mouth_long_d = | mouth_long_m = | mouth_long_s = | mouth_long_EW =
  +
<!-- *** Dimensions *** -->
  +
| length = 34| length_orientation = South-North
  +
| width = 0002| width_orientation = East-West
  +
| height =
  +
| depth =
  +
| volume =
  +
| weight =
  +
| area =
  +
| area_land =
  +
| area_water =
  +
| area_urban =
  +
| area_metro =
  +
| discharge =
  +
| discharge_max =
  +
| discharge_min =
  +
<!-- *** Population *** -->
  +
| population = | population_date =
  +
| population_urban =
  +
| population_metro =
  +
| population_density =
  +
| population_density_urban =
  +
| population_density_metro =
  +
<!-- *** Features *** -->
  +
| geology = Limestone
  +
| orogeny =
  +
| period =
  +
| biome =
  +
| plant =
  +
| animal =
  +
| author =
  +
| style =
  +
| material =
  +
<!-- *** History & management *** -->
  +
| established =
  +
| date =
  +
| management =
  +
| management_location = | management_region = | management_country =
  +
| management_elevation =
  +
| management_lat_d = | management_lat_m = | management_lat_s = | management_lat_NS =
  +
| management_long_d = | management_long_m = | management_long_s = | management_long_EW =
  +
| government =
  +
| government_location = | government_region = | government_country =
  +
| government_elevation =
  +
| government_lat_d = | government_lat_m = | government_lat_s = | government_lat_NS =
  +
| government_long_d = | government_long_m = | government_long_s = | government_long_EW =
  +
| owner =
  +
| mayor =
  +
| leader =
  +
<!-- *** Access *** -->
  +
| public =
  +
| visitation = | visitation_date =
  +
| access =
  +
| ascent = | ascent_date =
  +
| discovery = | discovery_date =
  +
<!-- *** Codes *** -->
  +
| timezone = | utc_offset =
  +
| timezone_DST = | utc_offset_DST =
  +
| postal_code =
  +
| area_code =
  +
| code =
  +
<!-- *** UNESCO etc. *** -->
  +
| whs_name =
  +
| whs_year =
  +
| whs_number =
  +
| whs_region =
  +
| whs_criteria =
  +
| iucn_category =
  +
<!-- *** Free fields *** -->
  +
| free =
  +
| free_type =
  +
<!-- *** Maps *** -->
  +
| map =
  +
| map_caption =
  +
| map_background =
  +
| map_locator =
  +
<!-- *** Websites *** -->
  +
| commons =
  +
| statistics =
  +
| website =
  +
<!-- *** Footnotes *** -->
  +
| footnotes =
  +
}}
   
 
The '''Piva''' ([[Montenegrin language]]: ''Piva'' ; {{lang-bs|Piva}} ; {{lang-en|Piva}}) is the river in [[Bosnia and Herzegovina]] and [[Montenegro]], shorter headwater of the [[Drina]] river, which it forms with the [[Tara River (Bosnia and Herzegovina)|Tara]] river near the border with [[Bosnia and Herzegovina]].
 
The '''Piva''' ([[Montenegrin language]]: ''Piva'' ; {{lang-bs|Piva}} ; {{lang-en|Piva}}) is the river in [[Bosnia and Herzegovina]] and [[Montenegro]], shorter headwater of the [[Drina]] river, which it forms with the [[Tara River (Bosnia and Herzegovina)|Tara]] river near the border with [[Bosnia and Herzegovina]].
   
  +
[[Image:Piva.river.JPG|thumb|left|150px|Remarkable color of the Piva River, canyon in Montenegro]]
[[Image:Piva.river.JPG|thumb|left|150px|Remarkable color of the Piva River, canyon in Montenegro]]<br />== Course ==<br />The Piva springs from the ''Sinjac Vrelo'' ({{lang-bs|Sinjac Vrelo}} ; {{lang-en|Sinjac Spring}}), also called ''Vrelo Pive'' ({{lang-bs|Vrelo Pive}} ; {{lang-en|Well of Piva}}) on [[Golija]] mountain, near the [[Monastery of Piva]]. Before the artificial [[Piva Lake]] was formed, the water from the well rushed into the [[Komarnica River]] thus creating the Piva river for the next 34 km.<br />Almost all of the both, the Piva and the Komarnica, course are flooded by the reservoir of the [[Piva Lake]].
 
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== Course ==
 
The Piva springs from the ''Sinjac Vrelo'' ({{lang-bs|Sinjac Vrelo}} ; {{lang-en|Sinjac Spring}}), also called ''Vrelo Pive'' ({{lang-bs|Vrelo Pive}} ; {{lang-en|Well of Piva}}) on [[Golija]] mountain, near the [[Monastery of Piva]]. Before the artificial [[Piva Lake]] was formed, the water from the well rushed into the [[Komarnica River]] thus creating the Piva river for the next 34 km.
  +
Almost all of the both, the Piva and the Komarnica, course are flooded by the reservoir of the [[Piva Lake]].
   
The canyon is cut between the mountains of [[Bioč]] and [[Pivska planina]] on [[Montenegro]] side, and [[Maglić]] and [[Volujak]] from [[Bosnia and Herzegovina]] side, its 33 km long, deep up to 1.200 m and river generates immense power used for the power station of [[Mratinje Dam|Mratinje]] (342 MW) which dammed the canyon in 1975. The dam is 220 m high, one of the highest in [[Europe]] and creates artificial [[Piva Lake]], largest in [[Montenegro]] (12,5 km², altitude 675 m, 188 m deep).<br />[[Image:Piva.River-bridge.JPG|thumb|left|150px|Bridge over the Piva River canyon, Montenegro]]
+
The canyon is cut between the mountains of [[Bioč]] and [[Pivska planina]] on [[Montenegro]] side, and [[Maglić]] and [[Volujak]] from [[Bosnia and Herzegovina]] side, its 33 km long, deep up to 1.200 m and river generates immense power used for the power station of [[Mratinje Dam|Mratinje]] (342 MW) which dammed the canyon in 1975. The dam is 220 m high, one of the highest in [[Europe]] and creates artificial [[Piva Lake]], largest in [[Montenegro]] (12,5 km², altitude 675 m, 188 m deep).
  +
[[Image:Piva.River-bridge.JPG|thumb|left|150px|Bridge over the Piva River canyon, Montenegro]]
   
 
After the dam, the Piva continues straight to the north, through the only remaining part of the canyon and enters [[Bosnia and Herzegovina]] 1,4 km before finally meets the Tara at [[Šćepan Polje]], near the border with [[Montenegro]] and with the Tara creates the Drina.
 
After the dam, the Piva continues straight to the north, through the only remaining part of the canyon and enters [[Bosnia and Herzegovina]] 1,4 km before finally meets the Tara at [[Šćepan Polje]], near the border with [[Montenegro]] and with the Tara creates the Drina.
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The Piva belongs to the [[Black Sea]] [[drainage basin]] with its own drainage area of 1.270 km² and is not navigable.
 
The Piva belongs to the [[Black Sea]] [[drainage basin]] with its own drainage area of 1.270 km² and is not navigable.
   
  +
== Piva Plateau ==
== Piva Plateau ==<br />''Pivska površ'' {{lang-en|Piva Plateau}}), is a high limestone plateau in the drainage area of Piva, between the mountains of [[Maglić]], [[Lebršnik]] and [[Volujak]]on [[Bosnia and Herzegovina]] side, and [[Durmitor]], Golija and Vojnik on [[Montenegro]] side. The plateau is 55 km long, 30 km wide with an average altitude of 1.200 m, the highest 2.159 m. The flow of the Piva (and Komarnica further into Montenegro) divides it in two regions: western one, Pivska Župa ({{lang-en|Piva Parish}}) and eastern one, Pivska planina ({{lang-en|Piva Mountain}}). Area is characterized by many limestone features, like cavities deep pits called ''vrtača'' and excavations, and extremely sparsely populated (some 20 smaller settlements in Pivska Župa and 15 in Piva Mountain).<br />Stock breeding is developed though, especially sheep.
+
''Pivska površ'' {{lang-en|Piva Plateau}}), is a high limestone plateau in the drainage area of Piva, between the mountains of [[Maglić]], [[Lebršnik]] and [[Volujak]]on [[Bosnia and Herzegovina]] side, and [[Durmitor]], Golija and Vojnik on [[Montenegro]] side. The plateau is 55 km long, 30 km wide with an average altitude of 1.200 m, the highest 2.159 m. The flow of the Piva (and Komarnica further into Montenegro) divides it in two regions: western one, Pivska Župa ({{lang-en|Piva Parish}}) and eastern one, Pivska planina ({{lang-en|Piva Mountain}}). Area is characterized by many limestone features, like cavities deep pits called ''vrtača'' and excavations, and extremely sparsely populated (some 20 smaller settlements in Pivska Župa and 15 in Piva Mountain).
  +
Stock breeding is developed though, especially sheep.
   
  +
== See also ==
== See also ==<br />* [[Drina]]<br />* [[Tara River (Bosnia and Herzegovina)]]<br />* [[Piva River (Montenegro)]]<br />* [[Tara River (Montenegro)]]
 
  +
* [[Drina]]
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* [[Tara River (Bosnia and Herzegovina)]]
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* [[Piva River (Montenegro)]]
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* [[Tara River (Montenegro)]]
   
  +
== References ==
== References ==<br />* ''Mala Prosvetina Enciklopedija'', Third edition (1985); Prosveta; ISBN 86-07-00001-2<br />* Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): ''Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije''; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6
 
  +
* ''Mala Prosvetina Enciklopedija'', Third edition (1985); Prosveta; ISBN 86-07-00001-2
 
 
* Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): ''Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije''; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6
[[Category:Rivers of Bosnia and Herzegovina]]<br />[[Category:Rivers of Montenegro]]<br />[[Category:Geography of Bosnia and Herzegovina]]<br />[[Category:Visitor attractions in Bosnia and Herzegovina]]<br />[[Category:Tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina]]<br />[[Category:Protected areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina]]<br />[[Category:Conservation in Bosnia and Herzegovina]]<br />[[Category:Environment of Bosnia and Herzegovina]]
 
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[[Category:Rivers of Bosnia and Herzegovina]]
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[[Category:Rivers of Montenegro]]
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[[Category:Geography of Bosnia and Herzegovina]]
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[[Category:Visitor attractions in Bosnia and Herzegovina]]
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[[Category:Tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina]]
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[[Category:Protected areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina]]
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[[Category:Conservation in Bosnia and Herzegovina]]
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[[Category:Environment of Bosnia and Herzegovina]]

Revision as of 20:40, 13 January 2011

Template:Geobox

The Piva (Montenegrin language: Piva ; Template:Lang-bs ; Template:Lang-en) is the river in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro, shorter headwater of the Drina river, which it forms with the Tara river near the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina.

File:Piva.river.JPG

Remarkable color of the Piva River, canyon in Montenegro

Course

The Piva springs from the Sinjac Vrelo (Template:Lang-bs ; Template:Lang-en), also called Vrelo Pive (Template:Lang-bs ; Template:Lang-en) on Golija mountain, near the Monastery of Piva. Before the artificial Piva Lake was formed, the water from the well rushed into the Komarnica River thus creating the Piva river for the next 34 km. Almost all of the both, the Piva and the Komarnica, course are flooded by the reservoir of the Piva Lake.

The canyon is cut between the mountains of Bioč and Pivska planina on Montenegro side, and Maglić and Volujak from Bosnia and Herzegovina side, its 33 km long, deep up to 1.200 m and river generates immense power used for the power station of Mratinje (342 MW) which dammed the canyon in 1975. The dam is 220 m high, one of the highest in Europe and creates artificial Piva Lake, largest in Montenegro (12,5 km², altitude 675 m, 188 m deep).

File:Piva.River-bridge.JPG

Bridge over the Piva River canyon, Montenegro

After the dam, the Piva continues straight to the north, through the only remaining part of the canyon and enters Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,4 km before finally meets the Tara at Šćepan Polje, near the border with Montenegro and with the Tara creates the Drina.

The Piva belongs to the Black Sea drainage basin with its own drainage area of 1.270 km² and is not navigable.

Piva Plateau

Pivska površ Template:Lang-en), is a high limestone plateau in the drainage area of Piva, between the mountains of Maglić, Lebršnik and Volujakon Bosnia and Herzegovina side, and Durmitor, Golija and Vojnik on Montenegro side. The plateau is 55 km long, 30 km wide with an average altitude of 1.200 m, the highest 2.159 m. The flow of the Piva (and Komarnica further into Montenegro) divides it in two regions: western one, Pivska Župa (Template:Lang-en) and eastern one, Pivska planina (Template:Lang-en). Area is characterized by many limestone features, like cavities deep pits called vrtača and excavations, and extremely sparsely populated (some 20 smaller settlements in Pivska Župa and 15 in Piva Mountain). Stock breeding is developed though, especially sheep.

See also

  • Drina
  • Tara River (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
  • Piva River (Montenegro)
  • Tara River (Montenegro)

References

  • Mala Prosvetina Enciklopedija, Third edition (1985); Prosveta; ISBN 86-07-00001-2
  • Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6